Only about half of the bibliography is available at this point.



Acord v. General Motors Corporation, 657 S.W.2d 7 (TX C. of A. 1983).

Acord v. General Motors Corporation, 669 S.W.2d ill (TX 1984).

Anderson v. State, 65 S.E.2d 848 (GA C. of A. 1951).

Application of Brooklyn Hospital, 258 N.Y.S.2d 621 (NY 1965).

Application of Jamaica Hospital, 491 N.Y.S.2d 898 (NY 1985).

Application of President and Directors of Georgetown College, 331 F.2d 1000 (C. of A., D. of C. Cir. 1964).

Application of President and Directors of Georgetown College, 331 F.2d 1010 (C. of A., D. of C. Cir. 1964).

Barnes v. Richardson, 320 F.Supp. 1267 (U.S. D. C., D. OR 1970)

Battaglia v. Battaglia, 172 N.Y.S.2d 361 (NY 1958).

Broward Medical Center v. Okonewski, 46 Fla.Supp. 120 (FL Cir. C. 1977).

Cantwell v. Connecticut, 310 U.S. 296 (1940).

Clift v. Clift, 346 So.2d 429 (AL Civ. App. 1977).

Cooper v. Wiley, 513 N.Y.S.2d 151 (A. D. 1 Dept. 1987).

Crouse Irving Memorial Hospital v. Paddock, 485 N.Y.S.2d 443 (NY 1985).

Davis v. United States, 629 F.Supp. 1 (U.S. D. C., E.D. AR N.D. 1986).

Du Puy v. Director, Office of Workers Compensation Program, 519 F.2d 526 (U.S. C. of App. 7th Cir. 1975).

Erickson v. Dilgard, 252 N.Y.S.2d 705 (NY 1962).

Felton v. Felton, 418 N.E.2d 606 (MA Sup. Jud. Ct. 1980).

Graham v. Deukmejian, 713 F.2d 518 (U.S. C. of A. 9th Cir. 1983).

Hamilton v. McAuliffe, 353 A.2d 634 (MA C. of A. 1976).

Harley v. Oliver, 404 F.Supp. 450 (C. of A. 8th D. 1975).

Harley v. Oliver, 539 F.2d 1143 (C. of App. 8th D. 1976).

Hoener v. Bertinato, 171 A.2d 140 (NJ Juv. & Dom. Rel C. 1961).

Holmes v. Silver Cross Hospital of Joliet, Illinois, 340 F.Supp. 125 (U.S. D. C. N. D. IL 1972).

In Interest of Ivey, 318 So.2d 53 (FL D. C. of A., 1 Dist. 1975).

In re Brooks’ Estate, 205 N.E.2d 435 (IL 1965).

In re Brown, 478 So.2d 1033 (MS 1985).

In re Clark, 185 N.E.2d 128 (OH C. of Corn. P1., Div. of Dom. Rel. 1962).

In re Estate of Dorone, 502 A.2d 1271 (PA Sup. C. 1985).

In re Green, 286 A.2d 681 (PA Sup. C. 1971).

In re Green, 292 A.2d 387 (PA 1972).

In re Green, 307 A.2d 279 (PA 1973).

In re Marriage of Short, 675 P.2d 323 (CO C. of A. 1983).

In re Marriage of Short, 698 P.2d 1310 (CO 1985).

In re Marriage of Urband, 137 Cal. Rept. 433 (C. of App. 1 Dist. 1977).

In re Osborne, 294 A.2d 372 (DC C. of A. 1972).

In re Sampson, 317 N.Y.S.2d 641 (NY Fain. C. 1970).

In re Sampson, 323 N.Y.S.2d 253 (NY 1971).

In re William J. Dell, II, 1 D. & C.3d 655 (PN C. P. of Allegheny County, C. D. 1975).

In the Matter of the Application of Winthrop University Hospital, 490 N.Y.S.2d 996 (NY 1985).

Jacobson v. Massachusetts, 197 U.S. 11 (1905).

Jefferson v. Griffin Spalding City Hospital, 274 S.E.2d 457 (GA 1981).

Jehovah's Witnesses in State of Washington v. King County Hospital, 278 F.Supp. 488 (U.S. D. C. WA 1967).

John F. Kennedy Memorial Hospital v. Heston, 279 A.2d 670 (NJ 1971)

Jones v. City of Moultrie, 27 S.E.2d 39 (GA 1949).

Jones v. Opelika, 316 U.S. 584 (1942).

Levitsky v. Levitsky, 190 A.2d 621 (MD C. of A. 1963).

Martin v. Industrial Accident Commission, 304 P.2d 828 (CA D. C. of A., 2nd D. 1957).

Martin v. Pennsylvania, 319 U.S. 141 (1943).

Matter of Melideo, 390 N.Y.S.2d 523 (NY 1976).

Mercy Hospital v. Jackson, 489 A.2d 1130 (MD C. of Sp. A. 1985).

Mercy Hospital v. Jackson, 510 A.2d 562 (MD C. of A. 1986).

Mollish v. Mollish, 494 S.W.2d 145 (TN C. App. 1972).

Morrison v. State, 252 S.W.2d 97 (MO C. of A. 1952).

Muhlenberg Hospital v. Patterson, 320 A.2d 518 (NJ Sup. C., Law D. 1974).

Murdock v. Pennsylvania, 319 U.S. 105 (1943).

Osier v. Osier, 410 A.2d 1027 (ME Sup. Jud. C. 1980).

People ex rel. Wallace et al. v. Labrenz et al., 104 N.E.2d 769 (IL 1952).

People v. Pierson, 68 N.E. 243 (NY C. of A. 1903).

People v. Woody, 40 Cal. Rept. 69 (CA 1964).

Powell v. Columbian Presbyterian Medical Center, 267 N.Y.S.2d 450 (NY 1965).

Prince v. Massachusetts, 321 U.S. 158 (1944).

Raleigh Fitkin—PaUl Morgan Memorial Hospital v. Anderson, 201 A.2d 537 (NJ 1964).

Randolph v. City of New York, 501 N.Y.S.2d 837 (NY Sup. C., App. Div., 1 Dept. 1986).

Randolph v. City of New York, 514 N.Y.S.2d 705 (NY C. of App. 1987)

Reynolds v. United States, 98 U.S. 145 (1878).

Santos v. Goldstein, 227 N.Y.S.2d 450 (NY 1962).

Sherbert v. Verner, 374 U.S. 398 (1963).

Shorter v. Drury, 695 P.2d 118 (WA 1985).

Sinclair v. Sinclair, 461 P.2d 750 (KS 1969).

Smith V. Smith, 367 P.2d 230 (AZ 1961).

Staelens V. Yake, 432 F.Supp. 834 (U.S. D. C., N. D. IL 1977).

Stapley v. Stapley, 485 P.2d 1181 (AZ C. of A. 1971).

State ex rel. Swann v. Pack, 527 S.W.2d 99 (TN 1975).

State v. Perricone, 181 A.2d 751 (NJ 1962).

State v. Whittingharn, 504 P.2d 950 (AZ C. of A. 1973).

St. Mary's Hospital V. Ramsey, 465 So.2d 666 (FL D. C. of A. 4th D. 1985).

Stone v. Stone, 133 P.2d 526 (WA 1943).

Thomas v. Collins, 323 U.s. 516 (1945).

United States V. Ballard, 322 U.S. 78 (1944).

United States v. George, 239 F.Supp. 752 (D. C. D. CT 1965).

University of Cincinnati Hospital v. Edmond, 506 N.E.2d 299 (OH C. of Corn. P1. 1986).

Waites v. Waites, 567 S.W.2d 326 (MO 1978).

Wisconsin v. Yoder, 406 U.S. 205 (1972).

Wons V. Public Health Trust of Dade County, 500 So.2d 679 (FL D. C. of A. 3rd D. 1987).

Wright v. United States, 717 F.2d 254 (U.S. C. of A., 6th Cir. 1983).

Journals and Magazines

Abraham, Henry J. "Religion, Medicine, and the State: Reflections on Some Contemporary Issues." Journal of Church and State 22 (Autumn 1980): 423-36.

________ "The Status of the First Amendment’s Religion Clauses: Some Reflections on Lines and Limits." Journal of Church and State 22 (Spring 1980): 215-31.

"‘Abstain from Blood —for How Long?" Awake!, 8 March 1976, 26-28.

"Accept or Refuse Blood Transfusions?" Awake!, 8 June 1975, 27-28.

Ackerman, Terrence F. "The Limits of Beneficence: Jehovah’s Witnesses & Childhood Cancer." Hastings Center Report 10 (August 1980): 13-18.

________ "Why Doctors Should Intervene." Hastings Center Report 12 (August 1982): 14-17.

Adams, Richard H., Jr. "The Right To Be Let Alone." University of Florida Law Review 17 (Spring 1965): 597-608.

"AIDS." Awake!, 22 April 1986, 3-8.

Alberts, M. E. "Surgery Without Blood Transfusions." Journal of Iowa Medical Society 68 (January 1978): 19-20.

Allman, Bruce M. "Freedom of Religion—Health—Infaflts- Parent and Child—State’s Rights—A State Does Not Have the Power to Appoint a Guardian to Provide Necessary Medical Care for a Child Against the Religious Objection of a Parent When the Child’s Life Is Not in Imminent Danger." Cincinnati Law Review 41 (1972): 961-68.

"Alternatives to blood transfusion." Awake!, 22 August 1969, 17-23.

Anderson, Gary R. "Medicine vs. Religion: The Case of Jehovah’s Witnesses." Health and Social Work 8 (Winter 1983): 31-38.

Annexton, May. "Autotransfusiofl For Surgery: A Comeback?" Journal of the American Medical Association 240 (15 December 1978): 2710-11.

Antieau, Chester James. "The Limitations Of Religious Liberty." Fordham Law Review 18 (November 1949): 221-241.

________ "The Role of Clear and Present Danger—Its Origin And Application." University of Detroit Law Journal 13 (May 1950): 198-213.

"Application of Sherbert Test To Prohibit Snake Handling During Public Worship." Kansas Law Review 25 (Summer 1977): 585-93.

"Appreciating the Sacredness of Life and Blood." Watchtower, 15 June 1978, 16-19.

Arnent, W. Robert. "Constitutional Law—Compulsory Medical Treatment for an Adult—The Right of an Adult to Refuse Lifesaving Medical Treatment Based upon the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment." Duguesne Law Review 11 (Spring 1972): 242-53.

Atkinson, David J. "Causing Death And Allowing To Die." Tyndale Bulletin 34 (1983): 201-28.

"Australian Court Tests Parental Rights." Awake!, 8 July 1960, 9-12.

"Authorization of Involuntary Blood Transfusion for Adult Jehovah’s Witness Held unconstitutional—In re Brooks Estate." Michigan Law Review 64 (January 1966): 554-61.

"Autotransfusion and Jehovah’s Witnesses." Journal of the American Medical Association 188 (1 June 1964): 832.

Bailey, Charles P., Teruo Hirose, Seymour Gollub, Hazan B. Everett, and Frank S. Folk. "Open Heart Surgery Without Blood Transfusion." Vascular Diseases 5 (December 1968): 179-87.

Bales, James D. "Jehovah’s Witnesses and Blood Transfusions.~~ Firm Foundation, 8 August 1978, 7, 11.

Bamberger, David H. "Mercy Hospital, Inc. v. Jackson: A Recurring Dilemma For Health Care Providers In The Treatment of Jehovah’s Witnesses." Maryland Law Review 46 (Spring 1987): 514-32.

Barber, H. W. "Religious Liberty v. Police Power—Jehovah’s Witnesses." American Political Science Review 41 (April 1947): 226-47.

Bastress, Robert M., Jr. "The Less Restrictive Alternative In Constitutional Adjudication: An Analysis, A Justification, and Some Criteria." Vanderbilt Law Review 27 (October 1974): 971-1041.

Beatty, Richard L. "Court Authorized Blood Transfusion Over Adult Patient’s Religious Objection—A Violation of the First Amendment?", Montana Law Review 26 (Fall 1964): 95-104.

Beckford, James A. "New Wine In New Bottles: A Departure From Church-Sect Conceptual Tradition." Social Compass 23 (1976): 71-85.

________ "Structural Dependence in Religious Organizations: From ‘Skid-Road to Watch Tower." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 15 (June 1976): 169-75.

________ "The Watchtower Movement World-wide." Social Compass 24 (1977): 5-31.

Bell, John U. "Constitutional Law—Religious Freedom—Adult Jehovah’s Witness, In Extremis, Ordered By Court To Submit To Blood Transfusion Where Both Parent And Husband Had Refused To Consent On Religious Grounds." South Carolina Law Review 16 (1964): 552-59.

Blair, Isabel L. "Parent and Child—Neglected Child—Custody of the State as Parens Patriae’—Religious Freedom." University of Cincinnati Law Review 21 (November 1952): 512-14.

"Blood Transfusions are Hazardous." Awake!, 22 May 1967, 20-21.

"‘Blood Transfusions Can Kill."’ Awake!, 8 July 1960, 8.

"Blood Transfusions: Court’s Right to Order." Journal of the

American Medical Association 152 (2 May 1953): 83-84. "Blood Transfusions—Jehovah’s Witnesses." Journal of the American Medical Association 163 (23 February 1957): 660-61.

"Blood Transfusions of Women Can Kill Their Babies," Awake!, 8 November 1960, 20-23.

"Blood Transfusions: Why Many Are Taking a Fresh Look." Awake!, 8 September 1978, 17-23.

Boggs, Dane P. "Jehovah’s Witnesses with Leukemia." Hospital Practice 20 (15 March 1985): 92-100.

Bossert, T. R. "Freedom of Religion—One Cannot Refuse Life-Saving Medical Treatment On Religious Grounds." Dickinson Law Review 76 (spring 1972): 606-13.

Bovasso, Louis J. "Constitutional Law—Justiciable Controversy—Federal Rules of Civil Procedure," Catholic University Law Review 13 (May 1964): 188-90.

Bowen, J. Richard, Peter D. Angus, Robert R. Huxster, and G. Dean MacEwen. "Posterior Spinal Fusion Without Blood Replacement in Jehovah's Witnesses." Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 198 (September 1985): 284-88.

Brand, Paul, and Philip Yancey. "Life in the Blood." Christianity Today, 18 March 1983, 18-21.

Bratton, Robert M. "The Right to Die: A Constitutional One?" The Jurist 41 (Winter 1981): 155-75.

"A Braunfeld v. Brown Test for Indirect Burdens on the Free Exercise of Religion." Minnesota Law Review 48 (1964): 1165-79.

Bray, Doris R. "procedural Rules—Emergency—Judge’s Discretion," North Carolina Law Review 43 (February 1965): 450-59.

Brown, Arthur S., Joseph H. Reichman, and Richard K. Spence. "Fluosol-DA, a Perfluorochemical Oxygen-Transport Fluid for the Management of a Trochanteric Pressure Sore in a Jehovah’s Witness." Annals of Plastic Surgery 12 (May 1984): 449-53.

"By Man's Way or By God’s Way: Which?" Watchtower, 1 December 1967, 719-27.

Byrn, Robert M. "Compulsory Lifesaving Treatment for the Competent Adult." Fordham Law Review 44 (1975): 1-36.

Callahan, Daniel. "Autonomy: A Moral Good, Not a Moral Obsession." Hastings Center Report 14 (October 1984): 40-42

Candee, Daniel, and Bill Puka. "An Analytical Approach to Resolving Problems In Medical Ethics." Journal of Medical Ethics 2 (June 1984): 61-70.

Cannon, William P. "The Right To Die." Houston Law Review 7 (May 1970): 654-70.

Cantor, Norman L. "A Patient’s Decision to Decline Life-Saving Medical Treatment: Bodily Integrity versus the Preservation of Life." Rutgers Law Review 26 (Winter 1972) : 228-64.

Casale, F. "Blood Transfusions and Jehovah’s Witnesses." British Medical Journal 1 (June 1979): 1796.

Cawley, C. C. "Criminal Liability In Faith Healing." Minnesota Law Review 39 (December 1954): 48-74.

Clark, Walter Houston. "Religious Aspects of Psychedelic Drugs." California Law Review 56 (January 1968): 86-99.

Clarke, J. M. F. "Surgery in Jehovah’s Witnesses." British Journal of Hospital Medicine 27 (May 1982): 497-500.

Cohen, Lorraine Solomon. "Free Exercise of Religion: Will It Go Up In Smoke." University of Florida Law Review 32 (Spring 1980): 581-93.

Cohn, Jordan. "When God Is the Doctor." Student Lawyer 15 (February 1967): 30-36.

Cohn, Werner. "Jehovah’s Witnesses as a Proletarian Movement." The American Scholar 24 (Summer 1955): 281-98.

"Compulsory Medical Treatment and the Free Exercise of Religion." Indiana Law Journal 42 (Spring 1967): 386-404.

"Compulsory Medical Treatment: The State's Interest Re-evaluated." Minnesota Law Review 51 (December 1966): 293-305.

"Conflict With Constitutional Guarantees." Awake!, 22 May 1967, 9-11.

"Constitutional Law—Freedom of Religion—New Jersey Supreme Court Orders Pregnant Jehovah Witness To Consent to Blood Transfusion To Save Unborn Child." Fordham Law Review 33 (October 1964): 80-86.

"Constitutional Law—Freedom of Religion—Parents’ Duty to Provide Medical Attention." Washington University Law Quarterly 1952 (December 1952): 585-58.

"Constitutional Law—Freedom of Religion—Statute Outlawing Snake-Handling." Vanderbilt Law Review 2 (June 1949): 694-96.

"Constitutional Law—Personal Rights: Religious—Court Order Authorizing Blood Transfusion Refused on Religious Grounds Violates Constitutional Guarantee of Religious Freedom." Harvard Law Review 79 (January 1966): 675-76.

"Constitutional Law—Religious Freedom—State May Authorize Forced Medical Treatment of a Competent Adult to Prevent Death Despite Religious Objection." Fordham Law Review 41 (October 1972): 158-66.

"Constitutional Law—Transfusions Ordered for Dying Woman over Religious Objections." University of Pennsylvania Law Review 113 (1964): 290-97.

Cooley, Denton A., E. Stanley Crawford, James F. Howell, and Arthur C. Beall. "Open Heart Surgery in Jehovah’s Witnesses." American Journal of Cardiology 13 (June 1964): 779-81.

"Coping With The RH Threat In Childbirth." Awake!, 8 April 1965, 17-19.

"Court Asked to Safeguard Patients." Awake!, 22 September 1967, 3-10.

"Court Decision Deprives Parents of Rights." Awake!, 8 March 1968, 21-24.

Creighton, Helen. "Refusal of Blood Transfusion." Supervisor Nurse 6 (February 1975): 65-66.

"Criminal Law—Suicide—Hospital Superintendent Not Granted Order To Administer Transfusion to a Competent Patient Where It Was Likely That Death Would Otherwise Ensue." Fordham Law Review 33 (March 1965): 513-19.

Cullen, James P. "Constitutional Law—Freedom of Religion—State Does Not Have Interest of Sufficient Magnitude to Outweigh Parent's Religious Beliefs in Compelling Medical Care for Minor When Child’s Life is Not in Immediate Danger." Villanova Law Review 18 (November 1972): 108-16.

Cunningham, A. J. A. "Controlled Hypotension to Minimize Blood Loss of Anaemic Jehovah’s Witness Patient Undergoing Total Hip and Shoulder Replacement." British Journal of Anaesthesia 54 (August 1982): 895-97.

Cunningham, W. C. "Indicated Blood Transfusions and the Adult Jehovah’s Witness: Trial Judge’s Dilemma." Valparaiso University Law Review 2 (Fall 1967): 55-83.

Dalcanton, Carol L. "Compulsory Medical Treatment of Children: Rights in Conflict." University of Pittsburgh Law Review 35 (Winter 1973): 369-81.

Danek, Jeffrey C. "Constitutional Law—Religious Liberty—Compulsory Medical Treatment Against the Will and Religious Beliefs of a Patient Violates the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment." Chicago-Kent Law Review 43 (Spring 1966): 110-14.

Davis, Daniel J. "The Dying Patient: A Qualified Right To Refuse Medical Treatment." Journal of Family Law 7 (Winter 1967): 644-59.

Davis, Ray Jay. "Plural Marriage and Religious Freedom: The Impact of Reynolds v. United States." Arizona Law Review 15 (1973): 287-306.

Davis, Sonya Meyers. "The Refusal of Life-Saving Medical Treatment vs. the State's Interest in the Preservation of Life: A Clarification of the Interests at Stake." Washington University Law Quarterly 58 (1980): 85-116.

"Dilemma for Doctors." Awake!, 22 March 1971, 13-14.

Dixon, J. Lowell. "Jehovah’s Witnesses and Blood Transfusion." Connecticut Medicine 39 (July 1975): 433-37.

Dixon, J. Lowell, and M. Gene Smalley. "Jehovah’s Witnesses: The Surgical/Ethical Challenge." Journal of the American Medical Association 246 (27 November 1981): 2471-72. Reprinted in Awake!, 22 June 1982, 25-27.

"Do Hospital Patients Have Rights." Awake!, 8 September 1964, 21-27.

"Does Coercive Medical Treatment Make Sense?" Awake!, 22 May 1967, 27-29.

"Does Refusing Medical Treatment Mean Refusing Life?" Awake!, 8 July 1984, 12-14.

"Does Your Child Belong to the State?" Awake!, 22 July 1963, 8-13.

"Doing without Blood Transfusions." Awake!, 22 May 1967, 24-26.

Dornette, William H. "jehovah’s Witnesses and Blood Transfusion: The Horns of a Dilemma." Anesthesia and Analgesia.. .Current Researches 52 (March-April 1973): 272-78.

Doyle, Joseph F. "Domestic Relations—State Has Power to Order Medical Treatment for Child in Spite of Parents Religious Objection." Villanova Law Review 8 (Fall 1962): 114-19.

Dresbold, Joel M. "Constitutional Law—Freedom of Religion—Court Ordered Medical Treatment for Infants." Duguesne Law Review 11 (Spring 1973): 440-47.

Drew, N. C. "The Pregnant Jehovah’s Witness." Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (September 1981): 137-39.

Duh, Samuel V. "Physician Reaction to Refusal of Blood Transfusions By Jehovah’s Witnesses." Journal of the National Medical Association 79 (May 1987): 467, 471.

Eddy, G. Norman. "The Jehovah’s Witnesses: An Interpretation." Journal of Bible and Religion 26 (January 1958): 115-21.

Elliott, John. "More Support For Refusing Medical Treatment." Journal of the American Medical Association 243 (8 February 1980): 506-7.

"Emergency Writ Issued Authorizing Blood Transfusions Against Adult Patient’s Will." New York University Law Review 39 (June 1964): 706-13.

"Emotional Judgement Denies Individual Rights." Awake!, 8 May 1964, 22-25.

Epstein, Richard L., and David J. Benson. "The Patient's Right to Refuse." Hospitals, 16 August 1973, 38-41.

"Equity—Compulsory Medical Aid to Adults Who Object on Religious Grounds." Vanderbilt Law Review 18 (March 1965): 772-75.

"Equity—Power of a State To Provide Medical Treatment for a Child Despite Parents Objection Based on Religious Belief." Vanderbilt Law Review 16 (June 1963): 960-65.

Evans, F. J. "The Right to Die—A Basic Constitutional Right." Journal of Legal Medicine 5 (August 1977): 17-20.

Ezrin, Alvin. "Constitutional Law—Refusal of Blood Transfusions by an Adult on Religious Grounds." George Washington Law Review 34 (October 1965): 159-67.

Faden, Ruth, and David Alan Faden. "False Belief and the Refusal of Medical Treatment." Journal of Medical Ethics 3 (September 1977): 133-36.

Farley, Jack E. "Constitutional Law—Freedom of Religion—Adult Cannot Be Compelled to Accept Medical Treatment Which is Contrary to Religious Beliefs." American University Law Review 15 (December 1965): 110-14.

"Federal Courts—Review by Court of Appeals—Court of Appeals Declines To Review Extraordinary Writ Issued by Single Appellate Judge Which Authorized Hospital To Administer Transfusions Over Objections of Patient." Harvard Law Review 77 (June 1964): 1539-46.

"Finding a Doctor Who Would Respect Their Beliefs." Awake!, 8 November 1965, 17-19.

Findley, Larry J. "Blood Transfusion in Adult Jehovah's Witnesses: A Case Study of One Congregation." Archives of Internal Medicine 142 (March 1982): 606-7.

"Firmly Resolved About Life and Blood." Watchtower, 15 June 1978, 21-26.

"First Amendment Freedom of Religion—Court Ordered Blood Transfuions." Northwestern University Law Review 60 (July-August 1965): 399-407.

Fitts, William T., and Marshall J. Orloff. "Blood Transfusion and Jehovah’s Witnesses." Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics 108 (April 1959): 502-7.

Flowers, Ronald B. "Freedom of Religion Versus Civil Authority in Matters of Health." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 446 (November 1979): 149-61.

________ "The Supreme Court’s Interpretation of the Free Exercise Clause." Religion In Life 49 (Autumn 1980): 322-35.

________ "Withholding Medical Care for Religious Reasons." Journal of Religion and Health 23 (Winter 1984): 268-82.

Foley, William J., and Thomas J. McGinn. "Jehovah’s Witnesses and the Question of Blood Transfusion." Postgraduate Medicine 53 (April 1973): 109-13.

Folk, Frank S., Charles P. Bailey, and Tetuo Hirose. "Open Heart Surgery Without Blood Transfusion." Journal of the National Medical Association 61 (May 1969): 213-18.

Ford, John C. "Refusal Of Blood Transfusions By Jehovah’s Witnesses." Catholic Lawyer 10 (Summer 1964): 212-26.

Forell, George W. "Christian Freedom and Religious Liberty." The Lutheran Quarterly 16 (November 1964): 327-42.

Fowler, Mark. "Appointing An Agent To Make Medical Treatment Choices." Columbia Law Review 84 (May 1984): 985-1031.

"Freedom of Religion—‘There Is No Constitutional Right to Choose to Die. "‘ University of Richmond Law Review 6 (Spring 1972): 412-19.

"Freedom to Decide Threatened." Awake!, 22 January 1964, 12-15.

Gaddy, C. Welton. "Religious Liberty: Renewing Our Commitment." Journal of Church and State 20 (Winter 1978): 5-12.

Ganiats, Theodore G., William A. Norcross, Lawrence J. Schneiderman, Mike Alexander, Paul Hundertmark, and David M. Baughan. "Intrauterine Transfusion: Ethical Issues Involving a Jehovah’s Witness Mother." The Journal of Family Practice 24 (May 1987): 467-72.

Gardner, Bernard, John Bivona, Antonio Alfonso, and Horace H. Herbsman. "Major Surgery in Jehovah’s Witnesses." New York State Journal of Medicine 76 (May 1976): 765-67.

Garrett, James Leo. "The ‘Free Exercise’ Clause of the First Amendment: Retrospect and Prospect." Journal of Church and State 17 (Autumn 1975): 393-98.

Garvey, John H. "Freedom and Equality in the Religion Clauses." Supreme Court Review (1981): 193-221.

Gazza, Beverly A. "Compulsory Medical Treatment and Constitutional Guarantees: A Conflict?" University of Pittsburgh Law Review 33 (Spring 1972): 628-37.

Glass, Marvin. "Not Going to Hell on One's Own." Philosophy 58 (October 1983): 471-80.

"Godly Respect for Life and Blood." Watchtower, 1 June 1969, 325-27.

Goldstein, Joseph. "Medical Care for the Child at Risk: On State Supervention of Parental Autonomy." Yale Law Journal 86 (January 1977): 645-70.

Gonzalez, Elizabeth Rasche. "Fluosol A Special Boon to Jehovah’s Witnesses." Journal of the American Medical Association 243 (22/29 February 1980): 720, 724.

________ "The Saga of ‘Artificial Blood. "‘ Journal of the American Medical Association 243 (22/29 February 1980): 720-21.

Greenawalt, Kent. "Privacy and Its Legal Protections." Hastings Center Studies 2 (September 1974): 45-68.

Greidanus, Sidney. "Human Rights In Biblical Perspective." Calvin Theological Journal 19 (April 1984): 5-31.

Grescher, Robert L., and Thomas N. O’Neill. "Medical Care For Dependent Children: Manslaughter Liability Of The Christian Scientists." University of Pennsylvania Law Review 109 (December 1960): 203-17.

Gurney, Edward J. "Is There a Right to Die? A Study of the Law of Euthanasia." Cumberland-Samford Law Review 3 (Summer 1972): 235-61.

Habgood, J. S. "Medical Ethics—A Christian View." Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (March 1985): 12-13.

Haggard, Thomas R. "Constitutional Law—Religion—Court Authorization of Blood Transfusion to Patient Whose Religious Beliefs Prohibit the Acceptance of Blood Violates His Freedom of Religion." Texas Law Review 44 (November 1965): 190-95.

Hanrahan, David G. "Constitutional Law—Single Circuit Judge Issues Writ Permitting Blood Transfusions To Be Administered to Patient Who Refuses To Consent on Religious Grounds." Boston University Law Review 45 (Winter 1965): 125-32.

Harris, T. J. B., N. R. Pirakh, Y. K. Rao, and R. H. P. Oliver. "Exsanguination in a Jehovah’s Witness." Anaesthesia 38 (October 1983): 989-92.

Hasson, C. G. "Constitutional Law—Jehovah’s Witnesses." Notre Dame Lawyer 22 (November 1946): 82-94.

Hegland, Kenney F. "Unauthorized Rendition Of Lifesaving Medical Treatment." California Law Review 53 (August 1965): 860-77.

Hemleben, Sylvester John. "Constitutional Law—The State and Blood Transfusions for Infants—Religious Freedom." Mississippi Law Journal 34 (March 1963): 219-20.

"Her Faith Was Unshakable." Watchtower, 1 August 1982, 22.

Hoaken, Paul C. S. "Treatment of Jehovah’s Witnesses." Canadian Medical Association Journal 129 (1 October 1983): 678.

Hoekema, A. A. "Assessing Jehovah’s Witnesses." Christianity Today, 21 July 1967, 14-17.

Holder, Angela R. "Circumstances Warranting Court Ordered Medical Treatment Of Minors." American Jurisprudence Proof of Facts: Second Series 24 (1980): 169-92.

Holmari, Edwin J. "Adult Jehovah’s Witnesses and Blood Transfusions. " Journal of the American Medical Association 219 (10 January 1972): 273-74.

Hoover, James F. "An Adult’s Right to Resist Blood Transfusions: A View Through John F. Kennedy Memorial Hospital V. Heston." Notre Dame Lawyer 47 (Fall 1972): 571-87.

Hoster, Craig W. "Constitutional Law: Forced Medical Treatment for Adults and Freedom of Religion." Oklahoma Law Review 26 (August 1973): 409-12.

"How to Protect Yourself From AIDS." Awake!, 22 April 1986, 9.

How, W. Glen. "Religion, Medicine and Law." Canadian Bar Journal 3 (October 1960): 365-421, 430-32.

"Treatment of Jehovah’s Witnesses." Canadian Medical Association Journal 130 (February 1984): 253, 256.

Howell, P. J., and P. A. Bamber. "Severe Acute Anaemia in a Jehovah’s Witness." Anaesthesia 42 (January 1987): 44-48.

Howerton, H. B. "jehovah’s Witnesses and the Federal Constitution." Mississippi Law Journal 17 (March-May 1946): 347-71.

Hudson, Winthrop S. "The Theological Basis For Religious Freedom." Journal of Church and State 3 (November 1961): 130-36.

Hughes, Joy. "Appeal and Error—Court Decides Moot Question on the Basis of Public Interest. (Illinois)." University of Illinois Law Forum 1952 (Fall 1952): 430-33.

Hulen, Mike. "Domestic Relations—Necessity of Blood Transfusions in Proposed Operation in Child Conflicts with Parent’s Religious Beliefs." Arkansas Law Review 27 (Spring 1973): 151-56.

Hunkin, J. W. "The Prohibitions Of The Council At Jerusalem (Acts xv 28, 29)." The Journal of Theological Studies 27 (April 1926): 272-83.

"If You Were The Judge, What Would Your Decision Be?" Awake!, 22 September 1972, 17-21.

"In Place of Blood: New Techniques to Treat Jehovah’s Witnesses." Hastings Center Report 12 (February 1982): 3

"Integrity to Superior Law." Awake!, 22 May 1967, 12-15.

Jackson, Wayne. "Jehovah’s Witnesses and Blood Transfusions." Christian Courier 7 (November 1971): 26-27.

Jonas, Hans. "The Right to Die." Hastings Center Report 8 (August 1978): 31-36.

Jones, Michele E. "Tort Law: Blood Transfusions Refused." Gonzaga Law Review 21 (1985-86): 309-22.

Kambouris, Angelos A. "Major Abdominal Operations on Jehovah’s Witnesses." The American Surgeon 53 (June 1987): 350-56.

Karnezis, Kristine Codier. "Patient’s Right To Refuse Treatment Allegedly Necessary To Sustain Life." American Law Reports 3d 93 (1979): 67-85.

Kearney, Daniel J. "Parental Failure to Provide Child with Medical Assistance Based on Religious Beliefs Causing Child’s Death—Involuntary Manslaughter in Pennsylvania." Dickinson Law Review 90 (Summer 1986): 861-90.

Kearney, P. J. "Leukaemia In Children of Jehovah’s Witnesses: Issues and Priorities in a Conflict of Care." Journal of Medical Ethics 4 (March 1978): 32-35.

Kelly, Gerald. "The Duty to Preserve Life." Theological Studies 12 (December 1951): 550-56.

Khine, Henry H., Ramarao Naider, Henry Cowell, and G. Dean MacEwen. "A Method of Blood Conservation in Jehovah’s Witnesses: Incirculation Diversion and Refusion." Anesthesia and Analegsia 57 (March-April 1978): 279-80.

Kingma, Stuart. "Biomedical Ethics: In Search of Touchstones for Tough Choices." Ecumenical Review 32 (July 1980): 273-80.

Komrad, Mark S. "A Defense of Medical Paternalism: Maximising Patient’s Autonomy." Journal of Medical Ethics 9 (March 1983): 38-44.

Kouri, R. P. "Blood Transfusions, Jehovah’s Witnesses and the Rule of Inviolability of the Human Body." Revue deDroit Universite de Sherbrooke 5 (1974): 156-76.

Krasils, Elaine B. "The Role of the Family in Medical Decisionmaking for Incompetent Adult Patients: A Historical Perspective and Case Analysis." University of Pittsburgh Law Review 48 (Winter 1987): 539-618.

Lake, Kirsopp. "The Judaistic Controversy, and the Apostolic Council." The Church Quarterly Review 71 (January 1911): 345-70.

Lang, M., G. G. Youngson, F. N. McKenzie, and R. 0. Heimbecker. "Sequential Triple-valve Replacement in a Jehovah’s Witness." Canadian Medical Association Journal 122 (23 February 1980): 433-35.

Larson, Robert Keith. "Child Neglect In The Exercise of Religious Freedom." Chicago-Kent Law Review 32 (September 1954): 283-97.

Laughran, Catherine W. "Religious Beliefs and the Criminal Justice System: Some Problems of the Faith Healer." Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 8 (June 1975): 396-431.

"‘Legal Issues’ in Transfusion Medicine." Watchtower, 15 April 1986, 26-27.

Levinsky, Leon, V. Srinivasan, Joong H. Choh, Badr Idbeis, C. Wayne Scott, Mona Ibbett, and S. Subramanian. "Intracardiac Surgery in Children of Jehovah’s Witnesses." Johns Hopkins Medical Journal 148 (May 1981): 196-98.

Lichtiger, Benjamin, Jacques F. Dupuis, and Jan Seski. "Hemo- therapy during Surgery for Jehovah’s Witnesses: A New Method." Anesthesia and Analgesia 61 (July 1982): 618-19.

Linford, Orma. "The Mormons and the Law: The Polygamy Cases." Utah Law Review 9 (Winter 1964): 308-70; (Summer 1965): 543-91.

Littell, Franklin Hamlin. "The Basis of Religious Liberty in Christian Belief." Journal of Church and State 6 (Spring 1964): 132-46

Logan, Innes. "The Decree of Acts xv." Expository Times 39 (June 1928): 428.

Lorenzen, Thorwald. "The Theological Basis for Religious Liberty: A Christian Perspective." Journal of Church and State 21 (Autumn 1979): 415-30.

Macklin, Ruth. "Consent, Coercion, and Conflicts in Rights." Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 20 (Spring 1977): 360-71.

Macoubrie, David P. "Domestic Relations—Conditioned Custody Decrees." Missouri Law Review 29 (Winter 1964): 99-103.

"Maintaining Integrity Despite Pressure." Awake!, 22 May 1967, 16-19.

"Major Surgery Without Blood." Awake!, 22 June 1974, 17-22.

Malecha, Wayne F. "Faith Healing Exemptions To Child Protection Laws: Keeping The Faith Versus Medical Care For Children." Journal of Legislation 12 (Summer 1985): 243-63.

Mansfield, John H. "The Religion Clauses of the First Amendment and the Philosophy of the Constitution." California Law Review 72 (September 1984): 847-907.

Marzen, Thomas J., Mary K. O’Dowd, Daniel Crone, and Thomas J. Balch. "Suicide: A Constitutional Right?" Duguesne Law Review 24 (Fall 1985): 1-242.

May, C. Kent. "Constitutional Law—Freedom of Religion." University of Pittsburgh Law Review 24 (March 1963): 642-46.

McAninch, William Shepard. "A Catalyst For The Evolution Of Constitutional Law: Jehovah’s Witnesses in the Supreme Court." University of Cincinnati Law Review 5, no. 4 (1987): 997-1077.

McCarthy, Dennis J. "Further Notes on the Symbolism of Blood and Sacrifice." Journal of Biblical Literature 92 (June 1973): 205-10.

________ "The Symbolism of Blood and Sacrifice." Journal of Biblical Literature 88 (June 1969): 166-76.

McCartney, James. "Refusal of Treatment: Suicide or Competent Choice." General Hospital Psychiatry 1 (December 1979): 338-43.

McCormick, Richard A. "To Save or Let Die: The Dilemma of Modern Medicine." Journal of the American Medical Association 229 (8 July 1974): 172-76.

McCormick, Richard A., and Robert Veatch. "The Preservation of Life and Self-Determination." Theological Studies 41 (June 1980): 390-96.

McLellan, Myles F. "Jehovah's Witnesses and Child Protection Legislation: The Right to Refuse Medical Consent." Legal Medical Quarterly 1 (March 1977): 37-46.

"‘Medical Alert’ for Witnesses." Journal of the American Medical Association 246 (3 July 1981): 19.

"Medical treatment with blood." Awake!, 22 May 1979, 3-4.

Mendelson, Wallace. "Clear and Present Danger—From Schenck to Dennis." Columbia Law Review 52 (March 1952): 313-33.

Mengel, Edward C., Jr. "Constitutional Law—Freedom of Religion—Blood Transfusion May Be Administered to Expectant Mother Despite Her Religious Objections if Necessary to Save Her Life or That of Her Child." Villanova Law Review 10 (Fall 1964): 140-46.

Milhollin, Gary L. "The Refused Blood Transfusion: An Ultimate Challenge For Law and Morals." Natural Law Forum 10 (1965): 202-14.

Miller, Bruce L. "Autonomy and the Refusal of Lifesaving Treatment." Hastings Center Report 11 (August 1981): 22-28

Miller, Jeremy M. "A Critique of the Reynolds Decision." Western State University Law Review 11 (Fall 1983): 165-98.

Miller, William Lee. "The Principle of Religious Liberty." Journal of Church and State 6 (Winter 1964): 85-89.

Mitchell, Guy W., III. "Juveniles—The Child, Medicine and the Law." Mississippi Law Journal 39 (May 1968): 508-22.

Moberg, David 0. "Spiritual Well-Being and the Quality of Life Movement: A New Arena for Church-State Debate?" Journal of Church and State 20 (Autumn 1978): 427-49.

Montague, Havor. "The Pessimistic sect’s Influence on the Mental Health of its Members: the Case of Jehovah’s Witnesses." Social Compass 24 (1977): 135-47.

Monte, Thomas D., Jr. "Constitutional Law—Freedom of Religion—Judicially Mandated Blood Transfusion for Adult Jehovah's Witness." Seton Hall Law Review 3 (Spring 1972): 444-56.

Moore, Maureen L. "Their Life is in the Blood: Jehovah’s Witnesses, Blood Transfusions and the Courts." Northern Kentucky Law Review 10 (Spring 1983): 281-304.

Morison, Robert S. "The Biological Limits on Autonomy." Hastings Center Report 14 (October 1984): 43-49.

Mulder, John E., and Marvin Comisky. "Jehovah’s Witnesses Mold Constitutional Law." Bill of Rights Review 2 (Summer 1942): 262-68.

Nearman, Howard S. "Postoperative Management of a Severely Anemic Jehovah’s Witness." Critical Care Medicine 11 (February 1983): 142-43.

Nelson, Carl L., and W. Scott Bower. "Total Hip Arthroplasty in Jehovah’s Witnesses Without Blood Transfusion." Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 68-A (March 1986): 350-53.

Nelson, J. Robert. "Live and Let Live . . . and Die When You Must." Perkins Journal 39 (January 1986): 1-9.

Nelson, Lawrence J., Brian P. Buggy, and Carol J. Well. "Forced Medical Treatment of Pregnant Women: ‘Compelling Each to Live as Seems Good to the Rest. " Hastings Law Journal 37 (May 1986): 703-63.